ECTS stands for the European Credit Transfer System.
In The Netherlands, Credits awarded as part of accredited degree awards are called 'European Credits', abbreviated to 'EC'.
In The Netherlands a European Credit is equivalent to 28 hours of study. In other countries in Europe an EC credit is worth more or less.
EC's are part of the ECTS system.
The ECTS grading system for credit transfer
In cases where credits are transferred between countries (mainly in student exchanges or switching institutes) European Credit Transfer & Accumulation System (ECTS) grades can be used. It is good practice to add an ECTS grade, particularly in the case of credit transfer. The ECTS grading scale ranks the students on a statistical basis.
Therefore, statistical data on student performance is a prerequisite for applying the ECTS grading system. Grades are assigned to students with a pass grade as follows:
A distinction is made between the grades FX and F that are used for unsuccessful students. FX indicates: "Fail - some more work required to pass", and F indicates: "Fail - considerable further work required". The inclusion of failure rates in the Transcript of Records is optional.
Progression through the WUAS bachelor's programmes by gaining European Credits